Ameico and German brand Midgard have brought back an icon: Curt Fischer’s TYP 113 Clamp Lamp, one of the first patented adjustable lamps—on both sides of the Atlantic.
The distinction is important because of TYP 113’s connection to the Bauhuas, which in turn requires a bit more backstory.
The genesis of TYP 113 was Curt Fischer’s interest in the lighting conditions of factories in his town, as he’d heard workers complain that harsh direct overhead lighting were casting shadows and creating glare that often made it impossible to perform detailed tasks. Fischer’s solution was TYP 113, an adjustable lamp that could be positioned at nearly any angle, affectionately known in Fischer’s native tongue as “peitschenleuchte” (loose translation: “whip light”).
Peitschenleuchte soon drew the attention of none other than Walter Gropius, who used it throughout the Dessau school, thus incorporating it into Bauhaus history and mystique.
Soon after, when Gropius, Hannes Meyer, and Lyonel Feiniger left the Bauhaus, they took their TYP 113s with them, hence the lamp’s appearance across the pond: in New York, Chicago, and Lincoln, MA.
In 2019, to mark the 100th. anniversary of Fischer’s lamp, Midgard produced a limited run of 100 TYP 113s, faithful reproductions using original techniques and materials, all procured in Germany: from the spun-aluminum enameled shade to the nickeled pipe adjustable stem to the bakelite socket and turning switch, the latter remarkably sourced from Midgard’s supply of NOS or “New Old Stock” of 100 original pieces that had been in storage for 100 years.