”Climate change has already influenced the likelihood of temperature extremes in the UK. The chances of seeing 40°C days in the UK could be as much as 10 times more likely in the current climate than under a natural climate unaffected by human influence,” Nikos Christidis, a scientist at the Met Office, explained. “The likelihood of exceeding 40°C anywhere in the UK in a given year has also been rapidly increasing, and, even with current pledges on emissions reductions, such extremes could be taking place every 15 years in the climate of 2100.”
“Rapid warming means we must expect extreme event records to be broken – not just by small margins but quite often by very large ones.”
“Rapid warming means we must expect extreme event records to be broken – not just by small margins but quite often by very large ones,” Rowan Sutton, the director of Climate Research in the UK National Centre for Atmospheric Science, said in a statement.
“Right now, CO2 levels are rising over 200 times faster than they did during the last deglaciation [starting some 18,000 years ago],” Kristopher Karnauskas, an associate professor in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder, told Mashable earlier this year. “That number speaks to the urgency to act soon.”
“Right now, CO2 levels are rising over 200 times faster than they did during the last deglaciation.”
Be careful in extreme heat. Heat illnesses happen when the body cannot cool itself down.
In places like the UK, where the populace isn’t acclimated to triple-digit temperatures and may not live in homes equipped to stay cool during unprecedented heat waves, people can be more susceptible to heat illness, which includes heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
You can delve deeper into avoiding heat illness in this Mashable story. However, here are some expert recommendations from Mike Tipton, a professor of human and applied physiology at the University of Portsmouth and an expert in thermoregulation.
The idea is to minimize your own heat production, minimize the heat you’re gaining from the environment, and maximize the heat you lose:
Stay hydrated: “You should be taking fluid as you would medicine in these conditions,” said Tipton.
Stay out of the sun. If you’re outside, stay in the shade.
Avoid activity — that will churn heat in your body.
Use a fan to blow air over the body. Air currents evaporate sweat from the skin, removing more heat. Don’t just fan your head. “It’s best to fan the whole body,” said Tipton. You can mist the body, too, to amplify heat loss with “artificial sweat.” But if you’re in an excessively hot room or area over 95 degrees Fahrenheit (try to avoid these places!), fans aren’t recommended because they can potentially heat your body.
Immerse hands in cool water. “Your hands are great at losing heat,” noted Tipton.
Wear light or as little clothing as possible, so sweat can evaporate from the skin.