In an age of urbanisation and technology, how should we harness good design to encourage and support children to spend more time outdoors and engage in free-play and hands-on learning?

Many studies cite that increased time in nature aids the growth, development and wellbeing of children, and so biophilic design in education settings is critical.

Comment: Encouraging children to thrive in sustainable and inclusive outdoor classrooms

I lead a team of landscape architects in Sydney, who are dedicated to working with school communities across New South Wales to design outdoor landscapes that have nature at their heart, ensuring they go beyond the formal ‘play’ provision.

Over the past few years we have collaborated closely with TKD Architects on a number of school projects, most recently Homebush West School where together we have worked to upgrade and extend the facilities – with inclusion, sustainability, adaptability and materiality being core considerations in our designs.

outdoor classrooms


Designing outdoor spaces that can be used and enjoyed by everyone in the school is critical. Through extensive consultation with the school community and the wider project team – including local government, teachers, parents and students – we can, as landscape architects, ensure that design interventions are inclusive and accessible to all. Factors ranging from gender to ability, neurodiversity, and cultural background must be considered.

A diverse range of outdoor spaces, from active sports to quiet play areas, outdoor classrooms, refuge areas and productive gardens ensures all students are able to reap the rewards of outdoor education. At Homebush West School, our landscape design incorporates details such as widened, recycled brick pathways, sensory and productive gardens, signage and plant labels – ensuring everyone feels a sense of inclusion.

Comment: Encouraging children to thrive in sustainable and inclusive outdoor classrooms


Designing resilient landscapes that will stand the test of time is vital. Guided by our team of expert horticulturalists, our ecological strategies focus on planting native species; adapted to local conditions, they require minimal maintenance. The bush play garden at Homebush West School has created a habitat that supports local wildlife such as warbling magpies, lizards and dragonflies. Creating an active and imaginative play space for students through informal trails and stepping stone logs, the garden also encourages the students to appreciate Australian ecology, and support their development as future stewards of the environment.

We also work closely with the architects to visibly embed water conservation and renewable energy systems throughout our designs. We do this through including rainwater collection measures such as swales and rain chains which are then used in the productive gardens, alongside solar panels and wind turbines, this encourages the students to learn about ecological cycles and responsible resource use.

Related: 5 insights from Australian designers at WAF 2023

Comment: Encouraging children to thrive in sustainable and inclusive outdoor classrooms


Throughout our designs for education landscapes, we avoid creating prescriptive zones that have fixed uses for one specific sport or activity. Instead we design natural multi-functional spaces, which can be adapted over time to meet changing recreational and educational needs. The rooftop garden at Homebush West School exemplifies this approach, where spaces include a large open lawn area, alongside several play structures between soft-fall mounds and a small amphitheatre and running track. Here, each area is designed to accommodate different sized groups and different student needs.

Creating comfortable spaces that can be used in all weather conditions, such as the shaded tiered amphitheatre at Homebush West School, is crucial. Canopy cover can create both shaded and fully-covered environments which, when integrated with moveable furnishings like outdoor rugs and beanbags can be used as play and learning spaces throughout the year.

outdoor classrooms


The setting – whether that be urban or rural – is also critical to informing our design decisions, particularly around curating a material palette, considering how colour, texture, composition and source will stimulate the students and respond to the climate in different ways. Throughout all of our projects, we prioritise sourcing sustainable materials that are locally manufactured.

At Homebush West School, providing seating throughout the site was a key part of the brief. In response, we designed a combination of curved and straight benches comprising a combination of both pre-cast concrete and natural materials such as sandstone logs. Encircling planting beds and looking out to the playground, this seating design promotes informal social gatherings and provides opportunities for group learning in an outdoor setting.

Well-designed landscapes promote sustainability and inclusion while creating spaces that stimulate curiosity and enjoyment – encouraging children to thrive. Through the thoughtful incorporation of native species, sensory elements, dynamic play opportunities and an atmosphere of imagination, we as landscape architects are able to craft outdoor classrooms that benefit children and the environment alike.


Mike Chorley

More landscape comment: T.C.L on unlocking the potential of Brisbane’s creek catchments

The post Comment: Encouraging children to thrive in sustainable and inclusive outdoor classrooms appeared first on Indesign Live: Interior Design and Architecture.