a woman stands with her side to the camera wearing a wide skirted red gown with embroideries cloaking the surface

Lekazia Turner, Jamaica (2022). Photo by Mark Pickthall. All images courtesy of Kirstie Macleod, shared with permission

In her early 20s, artist Kirstie Macleod became intimately aware of the ways working with a shared purpose has the potential to form immediate bonds.

Macleod spent her childhood living around the world, moving from Venezuela to countries like Nigeria, Japan, and Canada, to name a few. At 21, she traveled to India, where she immersed herself in the country’s textile industry and craft traditions. She didn’t speak the language but found a connection, in part, through making. “I’d often be with people with whom I couldn’t communicate with words, but I could sit with them and stitch a jacket,” she told Crafts Council.

She clung to the idea that embroidery could serve as both a physical and symbolic link between people from different backgrounds, ideologies, and religions, and in 2009, she launched “The Red Dress,” a collaborative project featuring embroideries by hundreds of artisans around the world.


a detail of floral embroideries on red fabric

Embroideries by FanSina artisans, Egypt (2015) and Zenaida Aguilar, Mexico (2018)

In Egypt, about 50 Bedouin Jabaliya women who are part of the FanSina collective created herbal motifs with curved flourishes inspired by their Mt. Sinai surroundings. During an exhibition in Warsaw, a group of Ukrainian refugees melded long stitches with tight French knots to render a bright yellow sunflower with one petal in pale blue. And in Chiapas, artist Zenaida Aguilar sewed a pointillistic patch of native flora and fauna, a symbol of her ability to thrive and support herself after leaving an abusive marriage.

Aguilar’s story isn’t unique among those involved in “The Red Dress,” many of whom are women in vulnerable positions in their communities and living on little means. Part of the project is to ensure that artists are compensated and have the opportunity to sell more of their work in the future. In total, Macleod commissioned 141 embroiderers to contribute, and these artists will continue to receive a portion of exhibition fees, profits, and sales through the project’s Etsy shop.

Additional contributions came from enthusiastic audiences along the way. A total of 380 embroiderers from 51 countries have since laid millions of stitches on the panels of burgundy silk dupion.


a group of people sit on the floor and stitch around the hem of the red dress worn by woman standing. a christian shrine set up on a table with a blue cloth and religious iconography are in the backdrop

An embroidery group in Aguacatenango, Mexico, stitches on the dress worn by Vanessa Aguilar Juarez (2021). Photo by Kirstie Macleod

The form of the dress is also emblematic. A garment historically associated with feminity, the gown is regal and elegant, if not conservative, with full-length sleeves, a corsetted bodice, and a wide, billowing skirt. Literally covering the wearer’s body with the contributions of artists around the world, the 6.8-kilogram dress “is weighted as much by the individual stories and collective voices waiting to be heard as by the threads and beads that adorn it.”

Macleod wrapped up the project in June, 14 years and 3 months after it began. The dress is currently touring and on view at The Frick Pittsburgh, with a stop at Fuller Craft Museum in Massachusetts in February 2024. Additional shows are scheduled around the world through 2026. “I intend to bring the garment back to all the commissioned artisans who shared their voices in the cloth, so they can exhibit their own work alongside ‘The Red Dress’ in their chosen venue, in their own country,” she says. “I am about halfway so far!”

As “The Red Dress” makes its way around the world once again, Macleod is also in the process of culling 150 hours of footage into a documentary and creating a book to share the project with a broader audience. Ultimately, she says, the dress is about peace and unity, “remind(ing) us what is possible when we come together in community and collaboration, supporting and uplifting one another rather than trying to walk this life alone.”


a detail of floral, figurative, and patterned embroideries on a red dress

Photo by Dave Watts

a woman wearing a black burqa embroiders a white cobweb like form over other stitches on a red dress

Farhana Gabaly, Egypt (2015). Photo by Kirstie Macleod

a group of women sit around an embroidered red dress on a form and stitch

Refugee women from Ukraine embroider at the ‘Traces of Sisterhood’ exhibition, Galeria Salon Akademii, Warsaw (2022). Photo by Kirstie Macleod

a bright yellow sunflower embroidery on red fabric

Ukrainian refugees Nadia Vaipan and Natalia Volovyh, Galeria Salon Akademii (2022). Photo by Kirstie Macleod

Three women wearing colorfully patterned garments and head wraps sit around a blue wooden table laughing and stitching on a piece of the dress

Gisèle, Esther, and Espérance, Congo (2018). Photo by Nicole Esselen

a detail of a foral embroidery on red fabric

Allthreads Collective, Australia (2018). Photo by Sophia Schorr Kon

women gather around the embroidered red dress

Kirstie Macleod and the FanSina embroiderers, Sinai. Photo by Georgina Sleap

Do stories and artists like this matter to you? Become a Colossal Member today and support independent arts publishing for as little as $5 per month. The article 380 Artists, 51 Countries, 14 Years: A Community Embroidery Project Connects Women Around the Globe appeared first on Colossal.